The modern American Indian Dog from the breeding program of Kim La Flamme can, on one hand, be called a breed but also, on the other hand, it can be called a mutt. Although the term ‘breed’ is not an objective or a biologically verifiable classification it describes a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance, behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species (cf. Wikipedia). The American Indian Dogs have many similarities, regarding their past and descent and also their natural look and characteristics. But, unlike the breeds registered by large breeding associations, they are no carbon copies. However, not just because of the diversity in appearance the term ‘mutt’ is also applicable, but also because of their genetic variation and health, which is more comparable to mixed-breeds than to purebreds (cf. Wikipedia). In addition, the studbook remains open for new dogs that match the standard and therefore add genetic variety. Today’s breeding program is based on the breeding methods of the Native Americans and prefers these old principles to the rules of modern breed registries. In this sense, the modern American Indian Dog is a mix of many carefully chosen dogs with distinct traits… the ultimate mutt.